Growing regions

Asia, Africa and Europe – tea is now at home around the world! The tea plant loves plenty of sun, but not standing water.

Tea thrives in a belt that reaches thirty degrees north and south of the equator. The biggest growers are India and China, while the biggest exporters are Sri Lanka and Kenya.

The most important tea producers:

1) China
2) India
3) Kenia
4) Sri Lanka
5) Indonesia 

  • China
  • India - Darjeeling
  • Indien - Assam
  • Ceylon
  • Indonesien - Java
  • Indonesien - Sumatra
  • Turkey
  • Africa
  • Formosa


Green tea has been grown in China for some 5,000 years. The Middle Kingdom was the only tea exporter in the world until the 19th century.

The home of tea

Today, China is the largest tea producer with an output of roughly 1 million metric tons annually (source: Deutscher Teeverband e.V.).

Tea is grown in all southern and central provinces, usually on large plantations.China produces all varieties of tea, from green, yellow, white and oolong to pu-erh and of course black tea, which is not widely consumed by the Chinese.

Because of this diversity, China’s tea varieties have many different tastes.

India - Darjeeling

Darjeeling is the name of a city in West Bengal, India, and also of the famous tea growing area around it.

India - Darjeeling

The Darjeeling plantations are located at an elevation of nearly 3000 metres on the southern slopes of the Himalayas. The cool nights and intense mountain sun yield the finest and most valued teas in the world. Because of the high elevation, the tea leaves grow more slowly here. This gives the leaves a more intense, fuller aroma.

Darjeeling is considered to be the champagne of teas, and many of the roughly 100 tea estates are as famous as the good vineyards in France.

There are two varieties: the first flush (harvested in the spring) and the second flush (harvested in the summer). The first flush is light and mild and yields tea with a very light cup. The second flush is fuller, more intense, highly aromatic and spicier and yields a muscatel-flavoured cup.

The autumnal flush, the harvest after the monsoons, yields a tea with a full aroma and a lighter cup.

By the way, two of the oldest Darjeeling estates, Steinthal and Happy Valley, were founded by German missionaries long ago.

Indien - Assam

Assam, a state in India, covers the broad lowlands on either side of the Brahmaputra

It is bounded by the eastern Himalayas in the north. The state of Assam is the largest contiguous tea-growing area in the world.

Assam tea is malty and full-bodied and has a strong colour. It is used in many different tea mixtures because of its special flavour (for example as the basis for East Frisian tea).


Tea from what is now Sri Lanka is traditionally referred to using the country’s old name, Ceylon.

he highlands of Nuwara Eliya, which reach an elevation of 2525 metres at the peak of Pidurutalagala, are located in the southern part of the island. The Uva and Uda Pusselawa region is located in the eastern part of these highlands, and the Dimbula and Dickoya region in the western part.

Tea is harvested on Ceylon year round. In the east (Uva), the best quality teas are picked during the dry season from June to September, while the monsoon brings rain to the west. In the west (Dimbula and Dickoya), the best quality teas are harvested in the dry period from December to March, while the monsoon rains fall in the east.

The tea has a brisk flavour and a strong colour, and is called “gold in the cup”. The tea from the Nuwara Eliya highlands is very bright.

Indonesien - Java

On Java, the smallest of the Greater Sunda Islands with a tropical climate, the tea plantations cross the island from east to west, growing in the volcanic soil of the Pengalengan plateau.

The tea has a fruity, mild flavour and a light brown colour. Java tea is harvested year round.

Indonesien - Sumatra

Sumatra, the second largest island in the Malay Archipelago, is located in the equatorial zone and has a tropical climate and mostly consistent precipitation throughout the year.

The Barisa mountains with their steep slopes in the south and the Pegunungan mountains in the north form a line along the west coast of the island. The mountains are volcanic in origin and include a small number of active volcanoes

The tea plantations were established in the area of the island’s original tropical rainforest. A second smaller tea growing area can be found in the north east at the eastern edges of the mountains, near Deli and Medan. The growers primarily produce a good mixed tea of consistent quality throughout the year.


In Turkey, tea is grown on the eastern Black Sea coast around the city of Rize. Leaves are harvested three times per year from May to October.

Because of the specific climate conditions, Turkish tea is especially light and has a low yield.

The tea produces a mahogany cup, and is similar to the tea that is grown in Argentina.


Kenya is located on the equator in the eastern half of Africa and has roughly 400 km of coastline on the Indian Ocean.

The land rises gradually to an elevation of 1500–2000 metres as you move inland from the coast. The highlands offer fertile volcanic soil. The Aberdare Mountains tower over the highlands to the south. They form part of the eastern rim of the Great Rift Valley, where from 800 to 1900 mm of precipitation fall per year on either side at elevations of over 1000 metres. (By way of comparison, 766 mm of precipitation fall per year in Germany). The largest tea plantations in Kenya were established here between 1921 and 1925, and are still leaders in tea production. Roughly 15% of the world’s tea comes from Africa. Kenya is the largest exporter in the world. Kenya tea is very strong, has a brisk flavour and yields a copper red cup.


Tea has been grown on Formosa (now called Taiwan) for over 300 years.

The main growing regions are located around Taipai, Taoyuand and Hsinchu, and in the highlands in the north. Leaves are harvested six times per year. Tea connoisseurs especially value the country’s oolong teas, which are complicated to produce and which yield high-quality tea. These teas, which are only available in small quantities, fetch very high prices among gourmets and tea lovers.

Tea knowledge

From the tea plant to the tea manufacture 

Please choose a category

Tea plant Camellia sinensis

Tea plant Camellia sinensis

Fruit & herbal tea

Fruit & herbal tea

Growing regions

Growing regions

Tea harvest

Tea harvest

Tea manufacture

Tea manufacture

Tea bag

Tea bag

Machine history

Machine history

Tea taster

Tea taster

Vanilla-Rooibos Christmas Cookies

Christmas classics made in a special way.

Look at the recipe

Sweet, Sweeter, Rosé Latte

Our favourite tea in 2017 is pink!

Look at the recipe

Your perfect cup of tea

Learn more